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Obesity And Diabetes: Rates Soar


Monday, March 2nd, 2009 Obesity And Diabetes: Rates Soar

Both the BBC and the Daily Telegraph (Rebecca Smith-24 02 09) cover issues surrounding the soaring rates of both obesity and diabetes. Reportedly the UK are seeing a huge explosion of diabetes which are the direct consequence of the growing obesity problem.

Experts have warned that new cases of diabetes have risen in excess of 74% in just six years and notably increasing at a faster rate than our American counterparts. Prevalence of the disease in the US is already one of the highest in the world.

More specifically, by 2005, over 4% of the population were classed as having diabetes which represents nearly double the rate of 10 years previously.

While new cases of Type 1 diabetes have remained constant there has been a 69 per cent increase in Type 2, the researchers from the Spanish Centre for Pharmoepidemiological Research (CIEFE), in Madrid, Spain found.

Alarmingly, the majority of the cases of the type 2 are directly linked to obesity according to the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health reports.

It would now be relevant to look at some of the specific evidence that has been offered.

n 1996, 38 per cent of people newly diagnosed with Type 2 disease were overweight and 46 per cent were obese but in 2005, 32 per cent of people newly diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes were overweight and 56 per cent were obese, respectively.

To break down percentage terms this converts to more than 42,642 people who were newly diagnosed with the disease between 1996 and 2005, just over 1,250 had the inherited “insulin-dependent” type 1 diabetes, and more than 41,000 had later-onset type 2 disease, which is linked to lifestyle.

Of equal importance, that requires consideration, researchers from Spain and Sweden who analysed the data from almost five million medical records say the trends are not due to increased screening or the UK’s ageing population, but from rising obesity rates.

Tam Fry of the National Obesity Forum said projections suggested the worst was yet to come: “Rates of obesity and diabetes will continue to rise unless we do something urgently.”

Chief Executive Of Diabetes, Douglas Smallwood says, “This research is a sad indictment of the current state of the UK’s health. Sadly, the statistics are not surprising as we know that the soaring rates of type 2 diabetes, are strongly linked to the country’s expanding waistline.

“Research shows that losing weight can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 58%. It is imperative that we raise awareness of the importance of eating a healthy, balanced diet and doing at least 30 minutes of physical activity a day if we want to make any headway in defusing the diabetes time bomb.”

He further adds tat restrictions on junk food advertising and better labelling of food should be made mandatory.

Notwithstanding,
Page last updated at 01:31 GMT, Tuesday, 24 February 2009
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Rates of diabetes soar in the UK

Paul Connelly: ‘I had to do something once I was diagnosed’

The UK is seeing an explosion of diabetes linked to growing obesity rates, experts are warning.

From 1997 to 2003 there was a 74% rise in new cases of diabetes.

And by 2005, more than 4% of the population was classed as having diabetes - nearly double the rate of 10 years earlier.

The bulk of cases are type 2 diabetes -which is linked to being overweight or obese - the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health reports.

This research is a sad indictment of the current state of the UK’s health
Douglas Smallwood, chief executive of Diabetes UK
The findings suggest that rates of diabetes are increasing at a faster rate in the UK than they are in the US, where prevalence of the disease is already one of the highest in the world.

Of more than 42,642 people who were newly diagnosed with the disease between 1996 and 2005, just over 1,250 had the inherited “insulin-dependent” type 1 diabetes, and more than 41,000 had later-onset type 2 disease, which is linked to lifestyle.

While the numbers of new cases of type 1 diabetes remained fairly constant over the decade, the numbers of new cases of type 2 diabetes did not.

These shot up from 2.60 to 4.31 cases per 1,000 patient years, equivalent to an increase of 69% over the decade.

The researchers from Spain and Sweden who analysed the data from almost five million medical records say the trends are not due to increased screening or the UK’s ageing population, but from rising obesity rates.

‘Time bomb’

Over the course of the study, the proportion of patients newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes who were obese increased by a fifth.

The researchers said: “Our results suggest that, although the incidence of diabetes remains lower in the UK than in the USA or Canada, it appears to be increasing at a faster pace.”

Rates of obesity and diabetes will continue to rise unless we do something urgently
Tam Fry of the National Obesity Forum

Tam Fry of the National Obesity Forum said projections suggested the worst was yet to come: “Rates of obesity and diabetes will continue to rise unless we do something urgently.”

Douglas Smallwood, chief executive of Diabetes UK, said: “This research is a sad indictment of the current state of the UK’s health. Sadly, the statistics are not surprising as we know that the soaring rates of type 2 diabetes, are strongly linked to the country’s expanding waistline.

“Research shows that losing weight can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 58%. It is imperative that we raise awareness of the importance of eating a healthy, balanced diet and doing at least 30 minutes of physical activity a day if we want to make any headway in defusing the diabetes time bomb.”

Professor Alan Maryon-Davis, president of the UK Faculty of Public Health, said: “Early detection and treatment are crucial. We must do whatever we can to find the half-million people who don’t know they’ve got it.”

Such is the extent of the problem there are currently over 2.5 million people with diabetes in the UK and there are more than half a million people with diabetes who have the condition and don’t know it.

Type 2 diabetes usually appears in people over the age of 40, however, recently, more children are being diagnosed with the condition, some as young as seven.

The NHS is spending £1m an hour - 10% of its yearly budget - treating diabetes and its complications, according to Diabetes UK.

A Department of Health spokesperson said the rise in recorded diabetes cases was partly due to improvements in diagnosis, along with rising rates of obesity and an ageing population.

As a result, more people were getting the support, advice and treatment required to prevent or delay complications.

“We are committed to working with the NHS to help prevent people from developing diabetes,” the spokesperson added.

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