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Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs

Monday, September 29th, 2008 Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs

Abraham Maslow developed a theory of personality that has influenced a number of different fields, including education. He is a humanistic psychologist and he has set up a hierarchic theory of needs.It is a very useful framework to adhere to in relation to health and well being.

In principle there are five levels of basic needs set out and they are as follows: Physiological Needs (based on biological needs). Safety Needs (ie needs of security). Needs of Love, Affection and Belongingness (involving the giving and receiving of love). Needs for Esteem (When these needs are frustrated, the person feels inferior, weak, helpless and worthless). Finally, Needs for Self-Actualization. Maslow describes self-actualization as a person’s need to be and do that which the person was “born to do.” “A musician must make music, an artist must paint, and a poet must write.”

Maslows hierarchic theory is often represented as a pyramid, with the larger, lower levels representing the lower needs, and the upper point representing the need for self-actualization.

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